Primary reasons why alcoholics have to go for a liver transplant

Admin@ | June 13, 2018 | 0 | Health

A large number of people, men and women both, with end-stage liver problems are opting for a liver transplant, especially when they fail to respond to the conventional surgical and medical therapy. It is a well-known surgical method that protects individuals dealing with the last-stage liver issues to recover without losing time.

A number of acute and chronic liver diseases give rise to end-stage liver condition; symptoms are

  1. Worsening mental confusion
  2. Severe itching
  3. Chronic fatigue
  4. Low platelet count
  5. Variceal bleeding
  6. Edema
  7. Ascites
  8. Jaundice.

Since the number of liver donors is limited, appropriate selection of patients is paramount. This selection procedure is performed by the surgeon; he or she diagnoses the patient by carrying out several pre-op procedures.

Some common indications for liver transplant in India

Liver transplant in India is emerging as a necessity for patients suffering from a variety of conditions such as Cholestatic disease, primary biliary cirrhosis, secondary biliary cirrhosis, sclerosing cholangitis, cystic fibrosis, biliary atresia, active liver failure, just to name a few.

Along with that, conditions like cryptogenic cirrhosis, a failed prior transplant, and idiopathic autoimmune liver problems lead to a liver transplant.

Point to note: Patients suffering from Hepatitis B, C & D, fulminant acute hepatic necrosis, and other metabolic diseases need a liver transplant on an immediate basis.

Why do Alcoholics need a liver transplant?

Being the largest solid organ and the largest gland in the human body, liver carries out over 500 essential tasks, from generating bile, absorbing and metabolizing bilirubin, supporting blood clots, metabolizing fats, carbohydrates, storing minerals and vitamins, filtering the blood, producing albumin, to synthesizing angiotensinogen.

Liver, in particular, is highly vulnerable to alcohol. As a matter of fact, consumption of alcohol makes a person prone to a host of lethal, liver-destroying disorders/diseases including, alcoholic hepatitis (liver inflammation) and cirrhosis. Statistics say that almost 70% of people consuming alcohol tend to develop cirrhosis, wherein the liver scars, leading to death today. Also, one in every five liver transplant cases occurs in patients, ones who have been heavy drinkers in any part of their life.

It has been proven that going for an early alcoholic liver transplant can help enhance the survival rate in patients suffering from chronic alcohol hepatitis. Hence, if a person detects any sort of abnormality in terms of how the liver function, consulting a doctor right away is the best solution; it assures best chances of recovery, nearly 100%.

People suffering from Laennec’s cirrhosis along with alcoholic cirrhosis are fit for transplantation, in case they meet the fundamental criteria for abstinence and rehabilitation. The criterion is:

  • Discontinuation of alcohol consumption for at least 6 months
  • Regular surveillance blood testing

When all the aforementioned criterion is met, the respective transplant establishments receives an assurance that the patient is serious about staying away from alcohol after the operation.

Participation in the informal alcohol treatment Plans

An individual, who is an alcoholic and have been advised a liver transplant should reach out for adequate psychological aids such as psychiatrists and psychologists for better and faster results. During the sessions with the team of psychologists, patients will be assessed for meeting the criteria for a liver transplantation. Also, they will become aware of the presence of psychological disorders, if any, which may hamper with the surgical or recovery process.

With an adept amalgamation of formal liver treatments such as transplantation and informal treatment programs such as psychological assistance, one can savor the benefits of the liver transplantation process in a quick and timely fashion.

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